Monday, February 6, 2017

Qualifications of a Deacon



    The office of Deacon in the Christian church is one that is anchored in servanthood.  “References have been found in extra biblical writings where the Greek word “deacon” meant “waiter,” “servant,” “steward,” or “messenger.”1  Therefore the qualifications to be addressed are for one that is to be a lead servant in the body of Christ.  The qualifications according to the Holy Bible and to Dr. Willmingon are nine fold.  Caution should be exercised in these qualifications because a deeper and sensitive subject of gender that will be uncovered.  For the sake of this discussion addressing that five separate roles in the church, those being Pastor, Elder, Deacon, Member, and Attendee are of importance.  This discussion will be addressing the third role, Deacon, and directly what the Bible and scholars say on the issue. 
   Dr. Willmingon states that there are nine qualifications listed in 1 Timothy chapter 3 for the office of Deacon.    The assumption should be made that the Holy Bible and Dr. Willmington are directing leadership roles and not the ability to serve the church body.  Every believer regardless of these listed qualifications is to use the spiritual gifts endowed to them to build the church.  Romans 3:23, states that “for all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.”(NIV), therefore Christians have histories and testimonies but should be giving time to the church in servitude.  
     These nine qualifications are as follows:2 
  1. He must be a man of dignity 
  1. He must not be double minded 
  1. He must not be given to wine 
  1. He must be no lover of money 
  1. He must possess a pure conscience 
  1. He must not be a novice 
  1. If married, he must be the husband of a godly wife 
  1. He must be the husband of one wife 
  1. He must rule his own house well 
     Notable in these qualifications is the use of the male pronoun and based on the Bible and Dr. Willmington research the office of deacon should be held by a male according to Genesis 2, man was first formed, then woman from the man.  Additionally, scripture exists in Ephesians 5:22, 1 Corinthians 11 that supports the God ordained order in the church.3   
     A deacon must be a man of dignity meaning to carry himself as a man to be respected and viewed a man to be followed by evidence of Godly living.  He must not be double-tongued, therefore not a liar or deceiver; a man that lets his yes be yes and no be no. He must not be given to wine; not addicted or placing alcohol before anything in life. He must understand the stewardship of finance and be appreciative of the gifts of all monies from the Father.  A deacon must be of pure conscience doing all things for the glory of the Father, not out of selfish ambition.  Humility rather than pride should be a mainstay in a deacon’s presence. A deacon should be experienced to handle the Word of God and be able to teach and apply the doctrines of our faith to others.  Fruit in ministry should be available as a proof of this use of knowledge.  A deacon could be married or single but if married his wife should also be of Godly character.  If a man is not a leader to his own wife he should not be a leader to others.  A deacon should not be united with any other woman but his wife; a divorced man could serve as a deacon as long as repentance is evident in his walk. Finally, a deacon must be able to lead his household well.  The proof of his ability to lead in the house of God would be evidence of managing his own affairs with excellence. 
   Deacons should be chosen with prayer and discernment as was revealed in the choosing of the first deacons in Acts chapter 6.   Godly order in a church is paramount to the growth of the church.  The church is blessed to have these God ordained requirements put forth in 1 Timothy as a guide and mandate to order in His church. 

Sources:

Harold L. Willmington (2011). Great Truths from God's Word. Forest, Va:Bible Network Institute.

Monday, June 6, 2016


                                                            Exploring the Tithe
                                                                       by Pastor Thomas Kulp

Exploring the tithe in the Lord’s view heavily involves Malachi 3:6-12.  These passages are the primary source for a dissertation of God’s instruction for the material items in life.  God makes the source of all blessings clear and that He is in control of all things.  Visiting these passages involves relating a number of Pentateuch passages that give us a backdrop of the commands that God is revealing to Israel and therefore still affecting us today.
When discussing the subject of the tithe, the need to define the word and differentiate the use of tithe and tax in context becomes necessary.  The word tithe is defined as, “The practice of offering to God a tenth of the harvest of the land and of livestock, as holy to the Lord. The idea is also used in a more general sense, meaning offering one-tenth of one’s income to the Lord.”[1]  The use of this word and concept is used in Deuteronomy 26:12, as describing the year of the tithe and in Numbers 18:21 to define the use of it to support and compensate the Levites for the work of the priesthood.  In contract the word tax is defined as, “Any form of payment levied on people by a supervising authority.”[2]  A tax is a payment from human rulers, whereas a tithe is given in obedience and thankfulness to the temple by command of our Holy God.
God gave Israel the land as their inheritance.  He made it clear that it was actually a stewardship: “The land is mine and you are but aliens and my tenants (Lev 25:23). One reason for this was the sinful human tendency to disconnect the gift from the giver (Deuteronomy 6:10–12).”[3]  The view is stated that God is the giver of the gift of the Promised Land, and specifically the City of Jerusalem.   Israel is but a tenant and all material goods are a gift from the Father.  With this in mind there is a necessary fact that needs revealed; God does not need the money, the money is a tool used by a loving God to support and provide for His people.  As an example, as in Nehemiah, King Atraxerxes is used by God to provide for His enslaved nation.  Vast resources are provided by God through Atraxerxes, the ruler of Persia, which allowed for Israel to return and to rebuild His Holy City and Temple.   The lesson is all is a gift from the Father, and the giving of the tithe is a heart condition issue with the nation.  “We are dealing with the same unchanging God who requires obedience and who forgives those who repent of disobedience (1 John 1:9). In a world of flux and change, he is the constant.”[4]  God has from the beginning been constant. Genesis 14:20 shows Abram giving of a tithe (or tenth) to the Priest Most High, Melchizedek and again in Genesis 28:22 the evidence of a tithe is displayed. God has revealed Himself seeking obedience and a relationship with His people from the beginning of time.  Little is asked by God but to worship Him alone.  Part of this worship is the giving back cheerfully of the generous gifts that He alone provides.
In Malachi 3:9, the call of the Father is a calling out of the people for “…robbing me”, furthermore states that the people are “under a curse” for the action and heart condition.  In Mark 12 the story of the widow’s mite displays the true heart that God desires.  The widow gave out of poverty; the widow gave all.  The widow displays a giving heart that is also revealed in Matthew 25 with the story of the talents.   Here in Malachi the same thing has occurred.  God has blessed His people with release from captivity, restoration of the land, and the ability to reconnect with His presence, yet they hold back and rob Him.   God knows the heart and knows this to be a condition that reveals another potential abandoning of Him.  Once again idols are evolving.  These idols steal away the focus on God.   God is a god of structure and as written in Malachi 3:6, “I the Lord do not change.”(NIV), therefore what was established in Genesis is consistent in Malachi and in the future times. “Turning toward God means offering Him our entire selves. We can’t claim to follow Jesus and not give toward God’s causes with our time and money. To do so would be to make our beliefs center on what we feel or think, not what we do. Faith requires action.”[5]
All of the verses in Malachi are calling His people back to total obedience and fully back to relationship to Him.   God know that the tithe is provided to support the Temple and the Priests in the Temple of God.   God’s desire is to have the priests fully committed to the work placed before them in order to serve His purposes.  A reduction in the tithe is not only a spiritual failure but also a hindrance to the functionality of the Temple in the everyday life of the nation.  The issue evolves around greed.  “Greediness is not only a mark of selfishness; it is a token of infidelity and therefore of outright disobedience. The most severe penalty for failure to conform to God’s will is curse.”[6]  The way the nation is heading will only lead to great problems.  The nation has recently returned from curse in foreign lands, and should not be seeking another act of discipline.  The deep love and care of the Lord is displayed through the prophet, Malachi, to call them out and to give them the opportunity to correct and redirect the actions.
God is not painting a picture from ten thousand feet but from a down to earth level where actions that do not follow a proper heart conditions are called out.  The blessing is that God desires to bring joy.  He promises that He will respond with an overflowing blessing. It is impossible to out-give God.”[7]  What a God that in His infinite wisdom and love sees the error, gives a call to obedience, and does the thinkable; promises overflowing blessings.
Today the lesson is still valid and the blessing or curse still present as options to a believer.   When a Christian’s heart is focused on God and the work of the kingdom then the tithe is paid before all other things.   The viewpoint in practice is all things are gifts from above and a generous God grants all 90 % of the material goods, seeking only 10% for His work.   This commentary states it wonderfully, “In bringing the tithes and offerings, the people were not only supporting the ministry of the temple, but they were also giving thanks to God for His bountiful provision for their own needs.”[8]   The amount of a Christian’s giving shows the depth of thankfulness to God.   The cycle is perpetual.  God gives to His people good gifts; His people take the first tenth of these gifts and give them joyfully to the church.  In turn the people are part of blessing others, and God seeing the heart of the giver will grant them more.  What a splendid system that God has ordained: if all believers only followed it.   A world is changed and nations spared of curse because of the obedience of the people.  Putting God first in all things.  God doesn’t want a demand tax paid but rather a heart that gives out of love.  Gifts given because of love and never duty--“Not because they “paid” for them, but because, when God’s people are close to Him, He enjoys doing them good.”[9]  What an amazing and wonderful God every Christian has placed in the heart.
In summary, God is a just God that is patience and full of grace.   God has a plan that requires obedience from His people.   Honoring God with obedience will usher in bountiful and joyous blessings.  God commanded a system that directs a tenth of fruits of the work of His loved ones to be brought to the temple.   God allows a testing of this command due to His desire to shower His children with gifts in abundant amounts.  The floodgates of blessing will be opened and His Word states, “…that you will not have room enough for it” (Malachi 3:10), therefore let every believer give with a cheerful heart and allow our nation to receive the glorification of the Lord.
      




                                   



BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barry, John. Malachi: Easy Doesn’t Change the World. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2014.

Elwell, Walter. Evangelical Commentary on the Bible (Vol. 3). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1995.

Ellsworth, Roger. Opening up Malachi. Leominster: Day One Publications, 2007.

Knowles, Andrew. The Bible guide (1st Augsburg books ed.). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg. 2001.

Manser, Martin H.  Dictionary of Bible Themes: The Accessible and Comprehensive Tool for Topical Studies. London: Martin Manser, 2009.

Richards, Larry, and Lawrence O. Richards. The Teacher’s Commentary. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1987.

Taylor, Richard, and E. Ray Clendenen. Haggai, Malachi. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2004.

Wiersbe, Warren W. Be Amazed. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1996.





[1]Manser, M. H. (2009). Dictionary of Bible Themes: The Accessible and Comprehensive Tool for Topical Studies. London: Martin Manser.

[2] Ibid.

[3]Taylor, R. A., & Clendenen, E. R. (2004). Haggai, Malachi (Vol. 21A, p. 414). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
[4] Ellsworth, R. (2007). Opening up Malachi (pp. 71–72). Leominster: Day One Publications.
[5] Barry, J. D. (2014). Malachi: Easy Doesn’t Change the World (p. 36). Bellingham, WA:    Lexham Press.

[6]Elwell, W. A. (1995). Evangelical Commentary on the Bible (Vol. 3, Mal 3:7). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

[7] Knowles, A. (2001). The Bible guide (1st Augsburg books ed., p. 399). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg.
[8]Wiersbe, W. W. (1996). Be amazed (pp. 158–159). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

[9]Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The Teacher’s Commentary (p. 508). Wheaton, IL:   Victor Books.

Monday, March 28, 2016

Seven Woes

Jesus in Matthew 23, speaks directly to the religious leaders of the day.  Taunting or calling out of the issues of the day; namely a wrong message of what makes one righteous.  Jesus gives an example of direct confrontation of the battle that is fought with men that are in conflict with the will of the Father.  The recorded word is given to combat pride, greed, self-will and sin in light of the provision and providence of God.
     Jesus speaks the Seven Woes against the Pharisees and Scribes; the commanding rulers of the day.  Jesus challenged the norms of society[1] and desired to confront and give direction to the people of the Jerusalem that the pathway being preached was leading them to a false doctrine of God’s love and will for them. This conversation happened in a public forum and the gathering crowd existed of Scribes and Pharisees, in addition to the common Jews of the city.  Jesus is publicly calling out the teaching of the leaders for their contradiction with God’s Word.
     Jesus is preaching the gospel that love of God is imperative and that belief in the Messiah offers everlasting life for every Jew.  It is love and grace, not law.  The Pharisees are in direct contrast to this:
In the case of the Pharisees and their scribes there is the very serious accusation that they shut up the kingdom of heaven before men. They were in reality effectively shutting people out of God’s kingdom at the same time that they claimed they were helping them into it; in that lay their hypocrisy[2]

     Jesus baits the Pharisees to call them out, for the purpose of truth.  Christ knew the plan and the consequence of His actions.  Jesus was going to the cross to pay the price that could not be paid by anyone other than the perfect Lamb of God.  There was no other option.  Truth needed spoken; hypocrisy needed called out and the position of God and His will need to be completed.  Jesus calls the Pharisees and Scribes out for what they were; self-serving hypocrites.  This preaching from our Lord was meant to redirect the purposes of man to serve the righteous purpose of God.

[1] Life Application Study Bible (p. 1583). Wheaton, IL:Tyndale House Publishers. 2005

[2] Morris, L. (1992). The Gospel according to Matthew (p. 579). Grand Rapids, MI; Leicester, England: W.B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press.

Thursday, March 24, 2016

Does God Command Genocide in the Old Testament

Exploring the concept of following a God that would command genocide is a tough concept to grasp. Yet there are revelations that are exposed that show who God is, the intensity of his love and the depth of His protection for His holy people.  In Joshua 1:11 and 3:10, there is a commanding from God for the Israelites to dispose (or dispossess) of a nation.   This command, “According to Deuteronomy 7:1–11 the Lord would remove the inhabitants of Canaan and settle the Israelites in the land.”[1]; goes back to a promise made to Moses and shows planning and consistency of our Lord.  God desires a holy people and knowing the hearts and minds of the Israelites; God will need to have the land purified.
     Knowing that the concept of purifying is difficult, there are practical arguments that can be applied so that it is clearer to any skeptics.   In the case of a medical procedure, the goal would be to completely eliminate any germs, or potential cause for infection.  The goal would be a sterile environment.  God is wiser than any human understanding, and knows the need for a pure, clean, fresh start for His people.  Many parents would desire to remove any negative influences that would cause harm to their children.  God’s command here, as hard as it may be to understand, is to display His love and protection of His children. The Canaanites were not a pure people, in fact the Teacher’s Commentary tells, “Yet for all their material advancement, the religion and morals of Canaan were degraded.”[2]  This statement could lead us to understand that the advancements of the Canaanites may set up the Israelites for covertness. Additionally, causing separation of the Israelite’s obedience to God alone.  Idols have arisen before, and God’s desire is for sin to be absent from His nation.
     God does command genocide, defined as a complete removal of evil minded people that would be able to contaminate His holy desire for the Israelites.  God desires all to be holy, yet evil will be removed from this world in His time and in His way.  A commentary of the Old Testament adds this point; “The God of Israel would now manifest himself as a living God by the extermination of the Canaanites.”[3]  This active approach to revealing Himself is beyond the normal understanding of these events.
     In modern times, there will be a reappearance of Christ.  At this time, there will be an extermination of the evil and the preservation of the good.  These verses in Joshua are much like the days ahead.  Christians standing on the borders of the New Jerusalem, and God ushering them in to the pure and holy land prepared for them.  In these days the glory of the entry will be the goal and the understanding for purity complete.







[1] Cabal, T., Brand, C. O., Clendenen, E. R., Copan, P., Moreland, J. P., & Powell, D. (2007). The Apologetics Study Bible: Real Questions, Straight Answers, Stronger Faith (p. 326). Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers.
[2] Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher’s commentary (p. 163). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.
[3] Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F. (1996). Commentary on the Old Testament (Vol. 2, p. 32). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.